Regardless of the overwhelming heterosexuality of main-stream news representations, portrayals of gay and lesbian people on tv are becoming notably more prevalent since 1997 whenever Ellen became the initial tv program to own a gay character that is leading. This enhance is seen within the introduction of homosexual figures on numerous shows such as for instance Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, along with implies that give attention to homosexual figures in leading functions such as for instance Will and Grace and it is All general. In addition, cable channels have actually included programs such as for example Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual figures much more complex plot lines sufficient reason for more explicit sexual actions.
Even though presence of lgbt figures could have increased recently on both commercial broadcast and cable sites, it really is uncertain exactly exactly just how usually television addresses the sexual problems and issues of intimate minorities.
As noted previously, when homosexual and characters that are lesbian been incorporated into programs, they’ve usually been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, nearly all of just exactly what was published up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including solitary show instance studies), centering on just how particular programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually examined the total amount of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et al., 1993; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported in the prevalence of intimate portrayals and explore sexual problems linked to gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.
This paper is targeted on factors evaluating nonheterosexual content that had been included as an element of two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US tv.
Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are accustomed to respond to questions concerning the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and talk that is sexual to nonheterosexuals. Especially, the info analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) as to what extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, particularly intimate behavior and explore sex, present in tv programming general and just what patterns emerge across system genres, community kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time development? (2) When nonheterosexual sexual content does take place, what is its regularity and exactly how does it differ across genres, form of network, and prime time versus nonprime time programming?
A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to have two big yearly random types of tv programs of interest that is greatest to adolescents and that were comprehensive of many sections associated with television industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 broadcast that is commercial (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable systems (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on One); WB, which tailors its programming to Camsloveholics white youth, with programs such as Gilmore Girls, 7th Heaven, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which shows music videos and other programs (e.g., dating reality shows) watched by many teens and young adults because the content analyses were part of a larger research project on television exposure and adolescent sexuality, several networks were included because of their appeal to young audiences including UPN, which televises a substantial number of programs with young African American characters ( e.g.
Composite week sampling designs are utilized in past analysis that is content to acquire representative examples of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997). This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily choosing days of the week or particular time slots for recording over many weeks to cut back prospective bias that may be introduced if all taping had been done within a calendar week that is single. Recording of this test happened mainly more than a 7 week duration into the autumn every year. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the thirty days of September, we started taping when all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the season that is current. Each week, three various times of the week had been randomly chosen for taping from all 11 channels, along with 7 days associated with the week represented 3 x within the test. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (of which time youth that is most are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite signal ended up being lost or even the show was pre empted by sporting or other events that are special proceeded through the entire winter time.